Essay on Political Parties in the United States
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Political Parties in the United States
There are numerous political parties in the United States and they all have no strict requirements for membership. That means whatever group you want to belong to you can. There are also no membership lists that are maintained. Some of the ways to determine party affiliation comes from voting surveys and public opinion polls. The majority of voters in America consider themselves to be Democrats. Party identification does not mean that who is you will vote for. There are several Democrats who will vote for Republicans in the presidential election. This is much more common in the United States than in any other major country. The most common parties are the Democratic and Republican…show more content…
This party was established in the 1790's. The Democratic-Republicans were led by Thomas Jefferson and supported a weak central government. They believed that the states and citizens should retain the rights and powers and that the constitution should be strictly interpreted. Jefferson was president from 1801 to 1809. The National-Republican Party arose when the Democratic-Republican Party split during John Quincy Adam's presidency from 1825 to 1829. The split pitted the party against the followers of Andrew Jackson. During this time other groups formed the Whig Party. Andrew Jackson was elected president in 1828. Most historians regard the campaign organization of Jackson as the beginning of today's Democratic Party. Jackson and his followers were known as Democrats by about 1830.
The Democratic Party is the oldest existing political party in the United States. It is said to have began in the 1790's as Jefferson's Democratic-Republican Party. This party was formed to fight the Bill of Rights and against the elitist Federalist Party. In 1800 Jefferson was elected the first Democratic President of the United States. Jefferson served two terms and was followed by James Madison in 1808. Madison helped to strengthen the armed forces in America by defeating the British in the War of 1812. James Monroe was elected in 1816 and served with little opposition. The election of John Quincy Adams in
Political parties are essential institutions of democracy. By competing in elections parties offer citizens a choice in governance, and while in opposition they can hold governments accountable. When citizens join political parties, volunteer their time, donate money and vote for their leaders, they are exercising their basic democratic rights. Participation of citizens in political parties offers unique benefits, including opportunities to influence policy choices, choose and engage political leaders, and run for office. However, in some countries political parties do not respect the rights of citizens to participate and are not accountable to voters. NDI supports the development of vibrant, accountable and inclusive multiparty systems that offer citizens meaningful choices and opportunities for political participation. The Institute’s work includes knowledge and resource sharing, and aims to expand the participation of marginalized groups including: women, youth, ethnic and racial minorities, persons with disabilities, and gender and sexual minorities. NDI's assistance reaches across party organizations, from grassroots party members to mid-level party officials and senior party leaders. The Institute is the only organization to have official standing in the three largest international groupings of political parties: Centrist Democrat International, Liberal International and Socialist International. Through these networks, NDI fosters peer-to-peer exchanges and consultations. The Institute also facilitates constructive engagement between political parties and other institutions, such as civil society, the media and election management bodies.