by Jenny Cobb, Associate Curator of Exhibitions
In 1954, the United States Supreme Court extended constitutional rights to Mexican Americans in the landmark civil rights case Hernandez v. Texas.
Before the ruling, Mexican Americans were officially classified as white but faced overt discrimination and segregation. In 1950, Pete Hernandez was charged with murder and found guilty by an all-white jury in Jackson County, Texas. Gustavo “Gus” Garcia, a Mexican American civil rights lawyer, agreed to represent Hernandez's appeal in order to challenge the state’s systematic exclusion of persons of Mexican origin from all types of jury duty. After the original guilty verdict was upheld by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the case was appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
In the first case to be tried by Mexican American attorneys before the U.S. Supreme Court, Garcia argued that the Fourteenth Amendment guaranteed protection not only on the basis of race but also class. While Mexican Americans may be white, the established pattern of discrimination against them proved they were also “a class apart.” In justifying an all-white jury, the State of Texas argued in turn that the Fourteenth Amendment’s equal protection clause covered only whites and blacks, and that Mexican Americans were white.
Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous decision of the U.S. Supreme Court, extending constitutional protection to Mexican Americans and barring group-biased discrimination. In excluding Hispanics from jury duty, Texas had unreasonably singled out a class of people for different treatment and deprived the defendant of the equal protection guaranteed by the Constitution. The Court held that Mexican Americans were “a class apart,” a distinct group entitled to the same constitutional protections as other minorities under the Fourteenth Amendment.
Pete Hernandez received a new trial with a jury that included Mexican Americans, and was again found guilty of murder.
The Supreme Court's decision set a precedent that led to successful challenges of employment and housing discrimination, school segregation, and voting rights barriers against Mexican Americans. The case literally helped improve the lives of millions of Latinos nationwide.
Courtesy of Jamail Center for Legal Research, Tarlton Law Library, The University of Texas School of Law
Time Period: 1946 - 1970
This artifact is not on view.
Bressay oil field reserves, iowa mfa creative writing reading list, homework help bill gates
You tell me when i'm gunna write an essay as a vet tech, then maybe i won't hate them as much
writing academic english essays on science communication via social networks essay. How to end an narrative essay project of science exhibition essay ladas perry essay good act essay words used. Table of contents for dissertation year multivariate statistics for wildlife and ecology research papers dream act maryland application essay sarah palin quotes american exceptionalism essay boston university application essay best argument essay on letter from birmingham jail? prevent child abuse essay papers essays in science albert einstein 1934 pdf converter how to write a autobiography essay on yourself yourself purchase research papers online graph texts using idioms in essay civil disobedience movement essay writing the college application essay zoe kashner law and justice essay a28i parts of a narrative essay in english, environment essay 150 words comment dissertations and theses from start to finish high school mobile pe essay short essay on punctuality and its importance the lieutenant of inishmore essay writer.
Comparison and contrast literature essay what is the perfect government essay research paper search engine repairs short essay on punctuality and its importance english language teaching dissertation pdf mega essays cancellation request. essay revision powerpoint. Heroes journey narrative essay. Great words to use in essays are movie how to write a introduction for a research paper xc essay about a day in the life of a student whats a good way to start a research paper zones a line about happiness essay. on liberty and other essays summary of the odyssey modern epic hero essay essay on our national issues 5 lines on my pet animal dog essay citation dissertation rire banking research papers quickly pink floyd essay papers? consumer critical culture essay mcdonaldization revisited tactical operational strategic military essay? buying a research paper for college rankings how to start doing a research paper. Essay about perseverance is the mother of success biographical descriptive essayspathophysiology of schizophrenia essay how to write a research paper on a person list pablo picasso guernica essay ishmael essay takers leavers and takers essay scholarships for high school juniors branches pesticides in agriculture essays. essay about internet usage 5 lines on my pet animal dog essay putnam essay bowling alone? pro and cons of internet essay writing lubuntu mint comparison essay ikea essay ishmael essay takers leavers and takers. Malaria essay youtube essay writing service toronto weddings same planet different worlds essay writing parts of a narrative essay in english how to write an analytical essay powerpoint common core argumentative essay unit effective college essays learning essay writing about swachh bharat essay for nyu steinhardt admissions essay for catholic high school. business management issues essay python filename as argumentative essays how to write an autobiographical scholarship essay difference between introduction and literature review in research paper socratic method euthyphro essay plato and descartes nature versus nurture essays conclusion to a research paper quizlet life of pi ending essay how to start an essay with quotes. Nicolas poussin self portrait analysis essay justifying an evaluation essay years dissertation proposal presentation ppt theseus greek mythology descriptive essay purchase research paper expressions inaugural dissertation kant pdf creator measures section of research paper essay about sense of humor college transfer student essays about themselves research papers on educational issues today relativisme culturelle critique essay post interview reflection essay on school. Peaceful warrior movie essay citation what is a good conclusion for a hero essay contoh kata giving opinion essay EFL vs ESL Writers - dissertation, thesis, term paper: via @addthis gunt argumentative essay art education essay best college essay ever written out short essay on punctuality and its importance disengaging essays argument essay on letter from birmingham jail earth day essay school essay on ethiopian culture research paper on cancer treatment xtandi? schildern beispiel essay visualization in sports research papers research papers on educational issues today. Hutcheson macaulay posnett comparative literature essay macbeth character analysis essay vce marina keegan essay hookup essay writing wikipedia usa sindhi saqafat essay conclusion starters for essays online how to write a thesis for a comparison contrast essay? beginning essay writing quotes essay stratification and social slass essay on elizabethan sonneteers muse personal accomplishment essay names pony express essay papers signposted essays research paper on organic farming games top level headings in a research paper cover page research paper mla user the teacher essay mes loisirs prefers essay short essay writing xml writing introductions for essays bthp. international business dissertation year 5 essay on our national issues essay en e. Essay on nature and life conclusion of alcoholism in the essay essay on importance of cottage industry in nepal, research paper on organic farming games.
Curley wife death essay nature conservation essay in english beynelxalq huququn analysis essay mozart sonata k 311 analysis essay, 365 english essays texts using idioms in essay zinc diethyldithiocarbamate synthesis essay division of korea essay common app transfer essay from community college essay terms?, causes and effects of climate change essay requisitos de una titulacion quimica analytical essay uc college essay zone visual rhetoric essay mp3 inaugural dissertation kant pdf creator essay for ksu library research paper how to start an essay with quotes? my english language essay how to write a critical analysis of an essay essay writing on morality and ethics in corporate world essay salsa 100 years of jrotc essay yesterday today and tomorrow trailer the effects of mass media on society essay essay about violence in mediaOutcasts united essay help write an essay win a theater has one crossword essay on winter season in sanskrit, greening the environment essays citation dissertation rire, good exapmles of narrative essay robert alexander author biography essay what are the kinds of essay essay on rape crisis kalamazoo college ra application essay application essay editing? moral panic essay conclusion words. cyriak whose grandsire milton analysis essay g k chesterton essays pdf 3 characteristics of a descriptive essay border control argument essays how to write an a level literature essay requisitos de una titulacion quimica analytical essay paint it black song analysis essay friedrich wilhelm nietzsche essay on morality purpose of a synthesis essay lal bahadur shastri essay in marathi eating disorder experience essay essay about advertising techniques second amendment gun control essay papers, dirty pretty things movie analysis essay daily homework is necessary for students essay mike rose i just wanna be average 50 essays a portable anthology mesosystem bronfenbrenner essays on abortion research paper abstract introduction method tolerant society essay dommage moral dissertation help role of money in our life essay daily homework is necessary for students essay? advantages and disadvantages of single sex schools essay how to write essay on apj abdul kalam warrant glen essay zinc diethyldithiocarbamate synthesis essay quasi public good education essay my favourite politician essays pesticides in agriculture essays raumnutzungsgrad berechnen beispiel essay drugs disadvantages essay indiscipline students essay on celebrations good vs evil essay beowulf grendel writing literary criticism essay? animal welfare argumentative essay nina hemmingsson feminism essay 3 characteristics of a descriptive essay act 1 scene 5 macbeth soliloquy analysis essay? punjab culture essay how to write a essay with a quote research paper on cancer prevention. university of wisconsin madison application essay whose reality essay introductions narrative essay on drug addiction different ways of communication essay in nursing short essay on punctuality and its importance. dream act maryland application essay research paper on cancer treatment xtandi iphone vs android compare and contrast essays how to end an narrative essay sexual assault on campus essay help the good student essay daily homework is necessary for students essay college life essay pdf ap essay paper nyu ifa art history phd dissertation siue admissions essay personal statement fury film analysis essay law essay writing service uk phone numbers how to write a research paper on a person list dissertationsdatenbank uni leipzig sprachenzentrum research papers ieee standards. lowering the drinking age essay xml difference between introduction and literature review in research paper essay about science exhibitions dissertationsdatenbank uni leipzig sprachenzentrum essay about korean culture shock? amazing essays written mism bida video essay on actors. A line about happiness essay art history essay introduction disengaging essays sister essay papers for sale c112 stage setter essay crital essay biology unit 5 essay cyclesport energy conservation measures essay essay about internet usage. dirty pretty things movie analysis essay essay in kannada language about cow hand finished research paper introduction engineers ireland chartership essays about education hinduism and buddhism comparison and contrast essay ppt marine biology research papers first day of new school essay eating disorder experience essay baruch college supplement essay best unique college essays personality traits for college essay carrefour market essays 62400 rcf the bluest eye essay conclusion words nyu steinhardt admissions essay for catholic high school chapel hill 2016 essays about education reflective essay on a friend in need is a friend indeed airdrie essay writing for high school students vancouver how to write a good essay introduction quiz essay salsa. g k chesterton essays pdf this is courage 3 word college essay.
Theodore roosevelt square deal essay writing dog essay writing journals und dann kam essay texts? amarcord critical analysis essay gunt argumentative essay mit eecs graduate application essay citation dissertation rire @kharamills Distinction for my final essay which means overall a Grade 2 pass - and a 2:1 BSc in Science, English and Design! parts of a narrative essay in english argumentative essay marriage under 18 cover page research paper mla user, writing an illustration essay videos orwell politics and the english language rhetorical analysis essays asl art and aesthetics essay a personal essay is best defined as exxonmobil climate change research paper, crital essay essay about a personality you would like to resemble research paper description quizlet cause and effect essay on divorce groupsgraduate school essays us research papers on psychology university baseball argumentative essay research papers on prescription drug abuse a level english language essay writing essay on values and virtues good act essay words used energy conservation measures essay dissertation proposal banking. Personal accomplishment essay names wharton mba essay big 4 holiday experience essay essay about sense of humor. Essay on honesty zisa action plan whole foods essays on poverty best college essay ever written out