So you have carefully written your article and probably ran it through your colleagues ten to fifteen times. While there are many elements to a good research article, one of the most important elements for your readers is the background of your study. The background of your study will provide context to the information discussed throughout the research paper. Background information may include both important and relevant studies. This is particularly important if a study either supports or refutes your thesis.
In addition, the background of the study will discuss your problem statement, rationale, and research questions. It links introduction to your research topic and ensures a logical flow of ideas. Thus, it helps readers understand your reasons for conducting the study.
Providing Background Information
The reader should be able to understand your topic and its importance. The length and detail of your background also depend on the degree to which you need to demonstrate your understanding of the topic. Paying close attention to the following questions will help you in writing background information:
- Are there any theories, concepts, terms, and ideas that may be unfamiliar to the target audience and will require you to provide any additional explanation?
- Any historical data that need to be shared in order to provide context on why the current issue emerged?
- Are there any concepts that may have been borrowed from other disciplines that may be unfamiliar to the reader and need an explanation?
Related: Ready with the background and searching for more information on journal ranking? Check this infographic on the SCImago Journal Rank today!
Is the research study unique for which additional explanation is needed? For instance, you may have used a completely new method
What Makes the Introduction Different from the Background?
Your introduction is different from your background in a number of ways. First, the introduction contains preliminary data about your topic that the reader will most likely read. Secondly, the background of your study discusses in depth about the topic, whereas the introduction only gives an overview. Lastly, your introduction should end with your research questions, aims, and objectives, whereas your background should not (except in some cases where your background is integrated into your introduction). For instance, the C.A.R.S. (Creating a Research Space) model, created by John Swales is based on his analysis of journal articles. This model attempts to explain and describe the organizational pattern of writing the introduction in social sciences.
Points to Note
Your background should begin with defining a topic and audience. It is important that you identify which topic you need to review and what your audience already knows about the topic. You should proceed by searching and researching the relevant literature. In this case, it is advisable to keep track of the search terms you used and the articles that you downloaded. It is helpful to use one of the research paper management systems such as Papers, Mendeley, Evernote, or Sente. Next, it is helpful to take notes while reading. Be careful when copying quotes verbatim and make sure to put them in quotation marks and cite the sources. In addition, you should keep your background focused but balanced enough so that it is relevant to a broader audience. Aside from these, your background should be critical, consistent, and logically structured.
Writing the background of your study should not be an overly daunting task. Many guides that can help you organize your thoughts as you write the background. The background of the study is the key to introduce your audience to your research topic and should be done with string knowledge and thoughtful writing.
A research paper is a complex academic or scientific examples based on some experiment. It is much more difficult than a regular high school essay. Still, it is simpler than a term paper or dissertation. Anyway, students are not always ready to face this challenge, so they start searching for easy ways out like ordering the entire solution online. Page-by-page, your assignment can be completed by the professional writers in short.
On the other hand, you won't be able to rely on such assistance all the time. That is why you have to learn how to write every page of the research paper on your own. Luckily, this assignment is not that huge. It usually takes 3-5 pages. Except for the study material, a student has to involve the data he found in the primary and secondary sources. Besides, it is crucial to select only the most relevant and credible information before writing the first page.
The knowledge of how to write each page of the research paper is important not only for students but the young professionals and experienced scientists. The goal is to observe a particular issue relevant to your community in order to find answers and provide forecasts for the future. If the author covers a problem which was not recently discussed, it may be difficult to prove the significance of the research question.
As the years pass by, young people realize that conducting research is a crucial process in their careers. All professions require this skill. So, it is critical to memorize the structure and main ideas of the research paper by heart. Read how to perfect your research capabilities.
Research Paper Structure and Content of Pages
There is a common structure of the research paper. It is usually written in APA or Chicago/Turabian formats. The elements of this task are:
- Cover page
- Body paragraphs (experiment description and methods)
- Findings (a.k.a. Results)
- Appendix (if any attachments were present)
Before you begin the first draft, go to any site which cannot be edited by online users. Wikipedia and Quora are not considered good academic sources. You need to conduct a study even before you develop the first page of your paper as it's a title page. A title has to be selected wisely after you decide on the research topic.
There are many sites where you can find excellent research paper topics if your teacher does not assign a specific subject. When choosing the topic and relevant information, have a look at the date. It is recommended to use only the most up-to-date sources. Please do not select sources that are older than five years. The data provided by them may be outdated. Unreliable sources may contain false information. We can write a separate page on how to select sources properly, but this article is focused on the general rules of writing a research paper.
You have come up with the title page and main idea so far. You have defined your target audience. For example, if your study is dedicated to the changes in application processes and grading criteria, your target audience may consist of the college or university tutors/admission officers. You have collected necessary information using credible sources like books, textbooks, academic journals, newspapers, etc. now, you need to develop and outline and the pages of your first draft.
Types and Objectives of the Research Paper Assignment
There are two types of the research paper: analytical and argumentative. A student has to realize the difference. Only then he can start drafting the first page. The structure of these two research papers might be the same, but the purpose and the content will be different. It might be easy to understand that the first type of research paper is about observing and analyzing issue while an argumentative essay's purpose is to debate by adding valuable arguments. In fact, it's not that simple when it comes to the process of writing every page.
Both types of this task have the same mission. In the case with students, the primary goal is to improve their knowledge of the studied subject. If we talk about professionals and scientists, the mission is to explore a specific research question which matters for the community. The rest of the goals include:
- Gaining technical skills
- Improving research skills
- Enriching English language vocabulary
- Strengthening writing skills
- Expanding number of topics to cover
- Improving time management and organization through setting deadlines
- Stimulating learning process
- Motivating diligence
- Developing patience
These points prove the important role of research paper assignment for students and scientists.
Rules and Principles of Academic Writing
Going back to the process of choosing sources, it is critical to keep in mind that any credible material has all rights reserved. When there is copyright, you need permission to cite the source before printing out every page of your final version. As a student, you might not receive such permission, so just reference the sources you use properly in your text to avoid problems.
Usually, a writing style is applied to the general research paper outlay and references. The required format includes the title in the bottom, headings on every page in the upper corner, Times New Roman 12 pt., double-spaced, 1-inch margins from all sides, and black color of the font only. Each page should be numbered. Place all headings and title in the center. Follow the rest of the guidelines by downloading a free MLA or APA guide online. It is a great idea to place a good research paper page example in front of you to get everything done correctly.
Revising, editing, and proofreading is requested whenever the draft is completed. The steps included in this process are listed further.
- Major, sweeping, changes to the different pages of your research paper
- An assessment of word choice in the text
- Finding any English grammar, spelling, and punctuation mistakes
- The removal paragraphs and even entire pages (follow the word limit)
- Rethinking the whole paper
- Analysis of the consistency of tone and writing style
- Evaluation of the logical flow of ideas between paragraphs and pages
If you wish your professor to be completely pleased with every page of your project, send your final paper for further editing to the professional academic writers online.
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